There are two types of itronella oil. Oil derived from Cymbopogon interianus is known as 'Java type' and that from Cymbopogon nardus as'Ceylon' type. Both are used to make cheap, 'lemony' perfumes for such things as toilet soap, household cleaners and aerosols designed to mask unpleasant smells. The Java-type oil is much richer in two chemical isolates - geraniol and citronella. Both these chemicals have a different use in the perfumery industry as part of more expensive and delicate perfumes, especially lily of the valley fragrances.
Citronella Oil Java
Citronella Oil Java type is the volatile oil obtained by Hydrodistillation of Cymbopogon winteranius Jowitt. The therapeutic properties of Citronella oil include antiseptic, deodorant, insecticide, parasitic, tonic and stimulant. Citronella oil's most useful quality is that of insect repellent.
Geraniol & Citronellal & various alcohol, and aldehydes. Citronella java type 85/35 oil contains a maximum of 85% Geraniol & Citronellal & various alcohol, and a minimum of 35% aldehydes, calculated as Citronellal
Application & Usage
- Citronella has been used for over 50 years as an insect repellent and as an animal repellent. It is found in many familiar insect repellent products: candles, lotions, gels, sprays and toilette wipes for use on clothing and people.
- Citronella oil is a raw material for production of geraniol, citronellal, hydroxy-citronellol and other similar high value perfumery bases.
- It is also widely used as a staring material for various automatic chemicals used in scented soaps, sprays, deodorants, detergents, polishes, mosquito repellants etc.
- Innovative retailers have even created wristbands, personal wipes, and sun-block spray.
- Pet animal's toiletries